Float variable stores only integer value. Why ? - Printable Version +- Forum (https://www.boriel.com/forum) +-- Forum: Compilers and Computer Languages (https://www.boriel.com/forum/forumdisplay.php?fid=12) +--- Forum: ZX Basic Compiler (https://www.boriel.com/forum/forumdisplay.php?fid=11) +---- Forum: Help & Support (https://www.boriel.com/forum/forumdisplay.php?fid=16) +---- Thread: Float variable stores only integer value. Why ? (/showthread.php?tid=745) Float variable stores only integer value. Why ? - Eqx - 10-29-2016 I'm doing my first tests with ZX Basic. I've tried to create a timer and I found the following issue Code:```REM timer test DIM t1 as float = 0.00 border 0:paper 0:ink 2:cls while (0=0)          t1 = (65536 * peek 23674 +256 * peek 23673 + peek 23672) /50            pause int(10+25*RND)          t1 = ((65536 * peek 23674 +256 * peek 23673 + peek 23672) /50) -t1  REM t1 ignores decimal part and has been declared as float     print at 0,0;t1 REM result is always 0 or 1          if inkey\$="s" then         end       end if        wend``` In example, t1 is declared as float but the variable only stores the integer value, and the final result is wrong. In this case print result is always 0 or 1, ignoring the decimal part There is something that escapes me or i don't understand? The same example adapted to Sinclair basic displays and store decimal part correctly. Thanks in advance Re: Float variable stores only integer value. Why ? - Eqx - 11-08-2016 Hola, He podido solucionar ésto usando CAST. Entiendo que ZXBasic si no se le indica lo contrario explícitamente, hace la operaciones por defecto con enteros (es una suposición) Ahora si que funciona. Code:```Dim t as fixed t = timer () + 0.25 print t; ' Ahora si opera con decimales function timer ()     return (65536 * peek 23674 +256 * peek 23673 + peek 23672) / cast (fixed,50) 'El cambio efectuado end function``` Gracias ! Un saludo Re: Float variable stores only integer value. Why ? - boriel - 11-08-2016 Eqx Wrote:Hola, He podido solucionar ésto usando CAST. Entiendo que ZXBasic si no se le indica lo contrario explícitamente, hace la operaciones por defecto con enteros (es una suposición) Ahora si que funciona. Code:```Dim t as fixed t = timer () + 0.25 print t; ' Ahora si opera con decimales function timer ()     return (65536 * peek 23674 +256 * peek 23673 + peek 23672) / cast (fixed,50) 'El cambio efectuado end function``` Gracias ! Un saludoTe contesto en inglés por el resto de los lectores del foro. Espero que no te importe... :roll: This is exactly the same question asked here. ZXBasic will delay type promotion as much as possible unless the programmer specifies otherwise (using CAST). In your case, PEEK is by default UByte. 65536 is Long, so Peek value is converted first to Long (32 bits) and then multiplied. This is expensive in the Z80 since it is a 8 bit architecture. Fixed is even more expensive, but cheaper than Float (40 bits). Your solution is better, because all the operations are done with 32 bits and then converted to Fixed. Converting them to Fixed first will lead to a larger and slower program. BTW, ZXBasic PEEK allows to peek larger values than Ubyte. You can PEEK a Uinteger, ULong or any other value. So: Code:`PRINT PEEK(23672) + 256 * PEEK(23673): REM PEEKing an Uinteger at 23672`Can be rewritten as: Code:`PRINT PEEK(UInteger, 23672)`And the line Code:`return (65536 * peek 23674 +256 * peek 23673 + peek 23672) / cast (fixed,50) 'El cambio efectuado`Can be simplified as: Code:`return (PEEK(ULong, 23672) bAND 0xFFFFFF) / cast(fixed, 50)` Re: Float variable stores only integer value. Why ? - Eqx - 11-08-2016 Ok boriel, tanks you very much for your explanation I discovered ZX Basic recently. It's great, congratulations :wink: